Monthly Archive: April 2017


Papaya (Papeeta)

Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae)

Synonym : Carica cubensis Solms

Vernacular Name : Papaya tree, Melon tree (English); Papeeta (Hindi).

Description : A small, sparsely branched tree, with a single stem growing from 5-10 m tall; leaves spirally arranged, confined to …


Rudraksha (Utrasum bead tree)

Elaeocarpus serratus L. (Elaeocarpaceae)

Synonym : Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G.Don

Vernacular Name : Rudraksha (Hindi/ Sanskrit); Utrasum bead tree (English).

Description : A large evergreen tree, grows up to 50-200 feet; stem cylindrical with coarse textured dirty white bark; …




IUPAC Name : (1E,6E)-1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione

Chemistry : Curcumin (C21H20O6), a diarylheptanoid, is a bright yellow natural curcuminoid insoluble in water and ether but soluble in alcohol and acetic acid. The molecular weight of this phenolic compound is 368.38 g/mol whereas …


Garcinia (Malabar tamarind)

Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Roxb. (Clusiaceae)

Synonym : Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr.

Vernacular Name : Garcinia, Brindleberry, Malabar tamarind (English); Upage mara, Murugana huli, Kudam puli (Hindi).

Description : An evergreen, small or medium-sized tree, 5-20 m tall, rounded crown and …


Cumin (Zeera)

Cuminum cyminum L. (Apiaceae)

Synonym : Cuminum sativum J.Sm.

Vernacular Name : Cumin (English); Jiraka, Jira (Sanskrit); Zeera (Hindi).

Description : An annual herb grows to 30-50 cm tall; slender, glabrous, branched stem that is 20-30 cm tall and has …


Ashy Roylea (Karui)

Roylea cinerea (D.Don) Baill. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Roylea elegans Wall. ex Benth.

Vernacular Name : Ashy Roylea (English); Kararoi tilapati, patkarru, titpatti, Karui (Hindi).

Description : An evergreen, erect or scandent, aromatic shrubs; stem branched, grey or pale-tomentose, 0.5-3 cm …


Ginger lily (Kapurkachali)

Hedychium spicatum Sm. (Zingiberaceae)

Synonym : Hedychium acuminatum Roscoe

Vernacular Name : Van Haldi, Kapurkachali, (Hindi); Ginger lily (English); Shathi, (Sanskrit).

Description : It is an annual herb, with a horizontal root-stock, and tuberous root fibres, leaves are 30 cm …


Ginger (Adarak)

Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae)

Synonym : Amomum zingiber L.

Vernacular Name : Ginger (English); Adarak (Hindi); Ardrakam (Sanskrit).

Description : A slender, perennial rhizomatous herb; leaves linear, sessile, glabrous; flowers yellowish green in oblong, cylindric spikes, ensheathed in a few …