Daily Archive: April 12, 2017




IUPAC Name : 4-hydroxynaphthalene-1,2-dione

Chemistry : Lawsone (C10H6O3) also known as 2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone is a red-orange natural pigment which is insoluble in water but soluble in most of the organic solvents. Its Molecular weight is calculated to 174.155 g/mol whereas …


Rosmarinic acid

Rosmarinic acid

IUPAC Name : (2R)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-[(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoyl]oxypropanoic acid.

Chemistry : Rosmarinic acid ((C18H16O8), a polyphenol is an ester of caffeic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid. It is a red-orange powder that is slightly soluble in water, but well soluble is most organic …


Field mint (Pudina)

Mentha arvensis L. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Mentha parietariifolia Becker ex Steud.

Vernacular Name : Field mint, Japanese pepperming (English); Podina, Pudina (Hindi).

Description : Perennial herb, 30-50 cm high; stems quadrangular, erect or prostrate, rooting at the nodes; leaves opposite, …


Lion’s tail (Wild cannabis)

Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br. (Lamiaceae)

 Synonym : Hemisodon leonurus (L.) Raf.

Vernacular Name : Lion’s tail, Wild dagga, Wild cannabis (English).

Description: Shrub grows 1 to 2 m tall by 0.5 to 1 m wide; medium-dark green 5–10 cm long …


Beechwood (Gambhari)

Gmelina arborea Roxb. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Gmelina sinuata Link

Vernacular Name : Gumbhar, Kumbhar, Shivparni (Hindi); Gambhari, Gandhari (Sanskrit); White teak, Beechwood (English).

Description : Deciduous tree up to 15 m high grayish-brown bark, exfoliating in scrubby flakes; leaves 9-23 …


Tubeflower (Bharangi)

Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Clerodendrum siphonanthus R.Br.

Vernacular Name : Tubeflower, Turk’s-Turban, Sky Rocket, Bowing Lady (English); Bharangi (Hindi).

Description : A semideciduous, perennial plant with stems that are sometimes herbaceous but more often become woody, with …


Holy basil (Tulasi)

Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Ocimum sanctum L.

Vernacular Name : Surasah, Tulasi (Sanskrit/ Hindi); Holy basil, Sacred basil (English).

Description : An erect much branched softly pubescent undershrub, 30-60 cm high with red or purple subquadrangular branches; leaves …