Monthly Archive: April 2017

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Turmeric (Haldi)

Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae)

Synonym : Curcuma domestica Valeton

Vernacular Name : Turmeric (English); Haldi (Hindi).

Description : A perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m tall; highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found; leaves …

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Plantain tree (Banana)

Musa × paradisiaca L. (Musaceae)

Synonym : Karkandela × malabarica Raf.

Vernacular Name : Plantain tree, Banana (English), Kadali (Sanskrit), Kela (Hindi).

Description : Plant is the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana; a tall herb (2-9 m …

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Butein

Butein 

IUPAC Name : (E)-1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

Chemistry : Butein (C15H12O5), a yellow color pigment, is a chalcone derivative also known as 2’,3,4,4’-tetrahydroxychalcone. Its molecular weight is measured to 272.25 g/mol and melting point is recorded to 216 °C. It is insoluble …

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Indian barnyard millet (Jhangora)

Echinochloa frumentacea Link (Poaceae)

Synonym : Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Honda

Vernacular Name : Indian barnyard millet, Sawa millet, Billion dollar grass, Japanese Millet (English); Jhangora, Vrat ke chawal (Hindi).

Description : An annual herb or shrub, erect, 1-2 m …

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Lawsone

Lawsone

IUPAC Name : 4-hydroxynaphthalene-1,2-dione

Chemistry : Lawsone (C10H6O3) also known as 2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone is a red-orange natural pigment which is insoluble in water but soluble in most of the organic solvents. Its Molecular weight is calculated to 174.155 g/mol whereas …

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Rosmarinic acid

Rosmarinic acid

IUPAC Name : (2R)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-[(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoyl]oxypropanoic acid.

Chemistry : Rosmarinic acid ((C18H16O8), a polyphenol is an ester of caffeic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid. It is a red-orange powder that is slightly soluble in water, but well soluble is most organic …

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Field mint (Pudina)

Mentha arvensis L. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Mentha parietariifolia Becker ex Steud.

Vernacular Name : Field mint, Japanese pepperming (English); Podina, Pudina (Hindi).

Description : Perennial herb, 30-50 cm high; stems quadrangular, erect or prostrate, rooting at the nodes; leaves opposite, …

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Lion’s tail (Wild cannabis)

Leonotis leonurus (L.) R.Br. (Lamiaceae)

 Synonym : Hemisodon leonurus (L.) Raf.

Vernacular Name : Lion’s tail, Wild dagga, Wild cannabis (English).

Description: Shrub grows 1 to 2 m tall by 0.5 to 1 m wide; medium-dark green 5–10 cm long …