Category: Medicinal Plants

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Banyan tree (Bargad)

Ficus benghalensis L. (Moraceae)

Vernacular Name: Nyagrdhan/ Vatah (Sanskrit); Vat/ Bargad (Hindi); Banyan tree (English)

Description: A very large tree upto 30 m in height with widely spreading branches bearing many aerial roots functioning as prop roots, bark greenish …

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Sausage tree (Balam kheera)

Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. (Bignoniaceae)

Synonym : Kigelia pinnata DC.

Vernacular Name : Sausage tree (English); Balam kheera, Hathi bailan (Hindi).

Description : A tree growing up to 20 m tall with grey bark which is smooth at first but …

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Marking nut tree (Bhela)

Semecarpus anacardium L.f. (Anacardiaceae)

Synonym : Anacardium latifolium Lam.

Vernacular Name : Marking nut tree, Oriental cashew (English); Bhela, Bhilava (Hindi); Bhallatakah, Arusharah (Sanskrit).

Description : A medium sized to large tree, 15-25 m in height, with grey bark exfoliating …

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Coriander (Chinese parsley)

Coriandrum sativum L. (Apiaceae)

Synonym : Coriandrum globosum Salisb.

Vernacular name : Dhanyakam, Dhanaka (Sanskrit); Coriander, Cilantro, Chinese parsley (English); Dhaniya (Hindi).

Description : An annual herb, glabrous, aromatic, herbaceous, 30-90 cm in height; leaves decompounds, lower ones long-petioled and …

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Marula tree (Jelly plum)

Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. (Anacardiaceae)

Synonym : Poupartia birrea (A.Rich.) Aubrév.

Vernacular name : Marula, Jelly plum, Cat thorn, Morula, Cider tree, Marula, Maroola plum (English); Maroela (Afrikaans).

Description : A medium-sized dioecious tree grows up to 18 m tall …

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Wild mango (Hogplum)

Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz (Anacardiaceae)

Synonym : Mangifera pinnata L. f.

Vernacular Name : Wild mango, Hogplum (English); Amar, Jungli-aam (Hindi); Aamratak, Amwara (Sanskrit).

Description : A medium sized aromatic, deciduous tree, up to 27 m tall and 2.5 …

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Pomegranate (Anar)

Punica granatum L. (Lythraceae)

Synonym : Punica florida Salisb.

Vernacular Name : Dadima (Sanskrit); Pomegranate (English); Anar (Hindi).

Description : Shurb to small tree to up to 6 m high; leaves mostly opposite, short-petiolate, blades oblong-elliptical up to 8 cm …

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Neem (Margoes tree)

Azadirachta indica A.Juss. (Meliaceae)

Synonym : Melia azadirachta L.

Vernacular Name : Nimbah, Prabhadrah (Sanskrit); Neem tree, Margoes tree, India lilac (English); Nim (Hindi).

Description : A medium to large sized tree, 15-20 m in height with a clear bole …