Category: Medicinal Plants


Dwarf copperleaf (Sessile joyweed)

Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC. (Amaranthaceae)

Synonym : Gomphrena sessilis L.

Vernacular Name : Matsyaksi, Patturah (Sanskrit); Gudrisag (Hindi); Dwarf copperleaf, Sessile joyweed (English).

Description : Much branched prostrate herb, branches often purplish, frequently rooting at the lower nodes; …


Calamus (Sweet flag)

Acorus calamus L. (Acoraceae)

Synonym : Calamus aromaticus Garsault

Vernacular Name : Vacha, Ugragandha (Sanskrit); Bach, Garbacc (Hindi); Sweet flag, Calamus (English)   

Description : Semi-aquatic rhizomatous perennial herb; rhizome creeping, much branched, as thick as the middle finger, cylindrical of …


Prickly chaff flower (Apamarga).

Achyranthes aspera L. (Amaranthaceae)

Synonym : Centrostachys indica (L.) Standl.

Vernacular Name : Prickly chaff flower (English); Chirchria, Latjira (Hindi); Apamarga (Sanskrit).

Description : Herbaceous plant about 1-2 m high; stem erect, pubescent, swollen at the nodes; Leaves opposite, simple …


Winter cherry (Asvagandha)

Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Solanaceae)

Synonym : Physalis somnifera L.

Vernacular Name : Winter cherry, Indian ginseng Indian ginseng (English); Asgandh (Hindi); Asvagandha, Varahakarni (Sanskrit).

Description : An erect branching undershrub reaching about 150 cm in height usually clothed with …


Waterhyssop (Brahmi)

Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (Plantaginaceae)

Synonym : Bramia indica Lam.

Vernacular name : Waterhyssop, Indian pennywort (English); Brahmi (Hindi/ Sanskrit).

Description : A perennial, creeping, non-aromatic herb; leaves succulent, oblong and 4-6 mm thick, oblanceolate, arranged oppositely on the stem; …


Roxburgh’s Wormwood

Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. Ex Besser (Compositae)

Synonym : Artemisia indica var. exilis Pamp.

Description :   A perennial herb of 20-50 cm height with creeping rootstock; stem simple, purplish tinged; leaves deeply dissected woolly or nearly hairless, twice cut …


Indian squill (Jungli piyaz)

Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop (Asparagaceae)

Synonym : Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth

Vernacular Name : Indian squill, White squill, Sea-onoin (English); Jungli piyaz, Ban piyaz (Hindi); Vanapalandu (Sanskrit).

Description : A glabrous herb; bulb dull white or pale, ovoid, 2.5-5 cm …


Pala indigo plant (Dudhi)

Wrightia tinctoria R.Br.

Vernacular Name : Pala indigo plant (English); Mitaindrajau, Dudhi (Hindi); Svetakutajah (Sanskrit).

Description : A small deciduous tree, upto 10 m in height with pale grey, smooth, thin bark abounding in yellow milky with opposite divaricate branches; …