Category: Molecules of interest

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Quercetin

Quercetin

IUPAC name : 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one

Chemistry : Quercetin (C15H10O7) is a common plant-derived yellow flavonoidal pigment and a well-known ingredient in food supplements and beverages due to its antioxidant effect. It is also known as 3,3′,4′,5,7-penthydroxyflavone, meletin and 5,7,3′,4′-flavon-3-ol. It …

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Curcumin

Curcumin

IUPAC Name : (1E,6E)-1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione

Chemistry : Curcumin (C21H20O6), a diarylheptanoid, is a bright yellow natural curcuminoid insoluble in water and ether but soluble in alcohol and acetic acid. The molecular weight of this phenolic compound is 368.38 g/mol whereas …

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Butein

Butein 

IUPAC Name : (E)-1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

Chemistry : Butein (C15H12O5), a yellow color pigment, is a chalcone derivative also known as 2’,3,4,4’-tetrahydroxychalcone. Its molecular weight is measured to 272.25 g/mol and melting point is recorded to 216 °C. It is insoluble …

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Lawsone

Lawsone

IUPAC Name : 4-hydroxynaphthalene-1,2-dione

Chemistry : Lawsone (C10H6O3) also known as 2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone is a red-orange natural pigment which is insoluble in water but soluble in most of the organic solvents. Its Molecular weight is calculated to 174.155 g/mol whereas …

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Rosmarinic acid

Rosmarinic acid

IUPAC Name : (2R)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-[(E)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-enoyl]oxypropanoic acid.

Chemistry : Rosmarinic acid ((C18H16O8), a polyphenol is an ester of caffeic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactic acid. It is a red-orange powder that is slightly soluble in water, but well soluble is most organic …