Global SciTech Ocean Blog


Indian squill (Jungli piyaz)

Drimia indica (Roxb.) Jessop (Asparagaceae)

Synonym : Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth

Vernacular Name : Indian squill, White squill, Sea-onoin (English); Jungli piyaz, Ban piyaz (Hindi); Vanapalandu (Sanskrit).

Description : A glabrous herb; bulb dull white or pale, ovoid, 2.5-5 cm …


Pala indigo plant (Dudhi)

Wrightia tinctoria R.Br.

Vernacular Name : Pala indigo plant (English); Mitaindrajau, Dudhi (Hindi); Svetakutajah (Sanskrit).

Description : A small deciduous tree, upto 10 m in height with pale grey, smooth, thin bark abounding in yellow milky with opposite divaricate branches; …


Lavender (True Lavender)

Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Lavandula officinalis Chaix

Vernacular name : Lavender, True Lavender, Garden Lavender (English)

Description : An evergreen shrub of 1-2 m high; leaves 2-5 cm x 4-5 mm in size; stem leafless upto 30 cm …


Papaya (Papeeta)

Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae)

Synonym : Carica cubensis Solms

Vernacular Name : Papaya tree, Melon tree (English); Papeeta (Hindi).

Description : A small, sparsely branched tree, with a single stem growing from 5-10 m tall; leaves spirally arranged, confined to …


Rudraksha (Utrasum bead tree)

Elaeocarpus serratus L. (Elaeocarpaceae)

Synonym : Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G.Don

Vernacular Name : Rudraksha (Hindi/ Sanskrit); Utrasum bead tree (English).

Description : A large evergreen tree, grows up to 50-200 feet; stem cylindrical with coarse textured dirty white bark; …




IUPAC Name : (1E,6E)-1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione

Chemistry : Curcumin (C21H20O6), a diarylheptanoid, is a bright yellow natural curcuminoid insoluble in water and ether but soluble in alcohol and acetic acid. The molecular weight of this phenolic compound is 368.38 g/mol whereas …


Garcinia (Malabar tamarind)

Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Roxb. (Clusiaceae)

Synonym : Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr.

Vernacular Name : Garcinia, Brindleberry, Malabar tamarind (English); Upage mara, Murugana huli, Kudam puli (Hindi).

Description : An evergreen, small or medium-sized tree, 5-20 m tall, rounded crown and …


Cumin (Zeera)

Cuminum cyminum L. (Apiaceae)

Synonym : Cuminum sativum J.Sm.

Vernacular Name : Cumin (English); Jiraka, Jira (Sanskrit); Zeera (Hindi).

Description : An annual herb grows to 30-50 cm tall; slender, glabrous, branched stem that is 20-30 cm tall and has …