Global SciTech Ocean Blog

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Ashy Roylea (Karui)

Roylea cinerea (D.Don) Baill. (Lamiaceae)

Synonym : Roylea elegans Wall. ex Benth.

Vernacular Name : Ashy Roylea (English); Kararoi tilapati, patkarru, titpatti, Karui (Hindi).

Description : An evergreen, erect or scandent, aromatic shrubs; stem branched, grey or pale-tomentose, 0.5-3 cm …

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Ginger lily (Kapurkachali)

Hedychium spicatum Sm. (Zingiberaceae)

Synonym : Hedychium acuminatum Roscoe

Vernacular Name : Van Haldi, Kapurkachali, (Hindi); Ginger lily (English); Shathi, (Sanskrit).

Description : It is an annual herb, with a horizontal root-stock, and tuberous root fibres, leaves are 30 cm …

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Ginger (Adarak)

Zingiber officinale Roscoe (Zingiberaceae)

Synonym : Amomum zingiber L.

Vernacular Name : Ginger (English); Adarak (Hindi); Ardrakam (Sanskrit).

Description : A slender, perennial rhizomatous herb; leaves linear, sessile, glabrous; flowers yellowish green in oblong, cylindric spikes, ensheathed in a few …

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Turmeric (Haldi)

Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae)

Synonym : Curcuma domestica Valeton

Vernacular Name : Turmeric (English); Haldi (Hindi).

Description : A perennial herbaceous plant that reaches up to 1 m tall; highly branched, yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes are found; leaves …

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Plantain tree (Banana)

Musa × paradisiaca L. (Musaceae)

Synonym : Karkandela × malabarica Raf.

Vernacular Name : Plantain tree, Banana (English), Kadali (Sanskrit), Kela (Hindi).

Description : Plant is the hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana; a tall herb (2-9 m …

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Butein

Butein 

IUPAC Name : (E)-1-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one

Chemistry : Butein (C15H12O5), a yellow color pigment, is a chalcone derivative also known as 2’,3,4,4’-tetrahydroxychalcone. Its molecular weight is measured to 272.25 g/mol and melting point is recorded to 216 °C. It is insoluble …

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Indian barnyard millet (Jhangora)

Echinochloa frumentacea Link (Poaceae)

Synonym : Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Honda

Vernacular Name : Indian barnyard millet, Sawa millet, Billion dollar grass, Japanese Millet (English); Jhangora, Vrat ke chawal (Hindi).

Description : An annual herb or shrub, erect, 1-2 m …

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Lawsone

Lawsone

IUPAC Name : 4-hydroxynaphthalene-1,2-dione

Chemistry : Lawsone (C10H6O3) also known as 2-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone is a red-orange natural pigment which is insoluble in water but soluble in most of the organic solvents. Its Molecular weight is calculated to 174.155 g/mol whereas …