Articles>> Volume 7 Issue 2, 2023

Effects of sports training on morphological traits in senior football players
Nacereddine Toumi
Curr Med Drug Res 7 (2): 233 (2023)
In the realm of senior football, training programs meticulously crafted to enhance these traits can wield a profound influence on players' performance. This study engaged 30 senior soccer players in a comprehensive physical fitness assessment, encompassing pre-test measurements taken on October 6, 2022, and post-test measurements on January 10, 2023. This comprehensive study explores the profound impact of sports training on morphological traits among senior football players. The investigation delves into the significant differences observed in weight and BMI, despite the consistency in age and height, shedding light on potential shifts in body composition influenced by the training program's effect on muscle mass and fat distribution. These remarkable findings underscore the program's capacity to meticulously shape the physical attributes of senior players, thereby warranting further in-depth exploration of its overall influence on both performance and health. The comparative analysis of morphological traits between the pre-test and post-test for senior football players yielded compelling results. Notably, leg muscle size exhibited a highly significant increase (p-value=0.000), transitioning from 33.57±2.49 cm in the pre-test to 36.07±2.42 cm in the post-test. This marked change reflects substantial lower-body muscle development attributable to the training program's efficacy. Similarly, hip circumference displayed a significant rise (p-value=0.001), progressing from 90.07±4.29 cm to 95.73±7.72 cm, suggesting intriguing alterations in the hip area, possibly associated with shifts in muscularity or adipose tissue distribution. Waist circumference also underwent a significant increase (p-value=0.020), ascending from 77.23±6.23 cm in the pre-test to 81.23±6.67 cm in the Post-test, implying transformations in abdominal muscularity or fat distribution. Furthermore, shoulder width showed a highly significant increase (p-value=0.0001), expanding from 103.87±3.29 cm to 111.77±5.61 cm, indicating noteworthy developments or changes in the upper body induced by the training program. While the shoulder-to-waist ratio (SWR) remained consistent with a non-significant p-value of 0.220, suggesting no substantial change in the ratio of shoulder width to waist circumference, the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) displayed a significant increase (p-value=0.024) from 0.47±0.04 in the Pre-test to 0.49±0.04 in the Post-test. This transformation hints at alterations in body composition relative to height. Conversely, the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) exhibited no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test measurements, with a non-significant p-value of 0.537, implying minimal changes in fat distribution around the waist and hip areas. These findings illuminate the potent effects of sports training on the morphological traits of senior football players, providing a foundation for tailored training strategies and enhanced player performance and health.

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